India Urban Space was the advisor to the Jaipur Development Authority for the development of the Jaipur Master Plan 2025.
The master plan must envision the city of the future. Greenfield airports that service urban travel needs, transport linkages of road, rail and ports, agro production that provide grain and vegetables, water sources that are shared, stone quarries that build the cities, land fill sites that hold the waste of urban consumption, land for the expanding population and expanding economicsâ€“ all these require a planning footprint that goes beyond the city alone. A major metro attracts the bulk of migration and corridor development all around it. Jaipur Master plan 2025 challenged the apparent inevitability of this kind of urban growth.
Action Outcome: The Jaipur Master Plan 2025 adopted a decentralised planning approach of centre city and nodes bounded by the district. The district plan provided a strategic regional vision plan that became the basis for all development decisions in the following 25 years. Any changes to this strategic vision plan passed a high threshold of debate and reason giving.
Key natural assets need to be protectively zoned - high yield agricultural land, forests, hills, water bodies & channels, environment and ecological assets. Economic activity must contribute to sustainability without compromising the natural environment. Where ever such assets are in private hands, equitable and enforceable system for economic compensation needs to be in place before the master plan can work.
Action Outcome: The Jaipur master plan 2025 determined areas that require protective zoning and created policies for compensation for deed restriction of the protected zones
Planning for water supply as a natural resource is critical. No planning can be done without estimating the demand and identifying the source of supply over a period of 25 to 100 years.
Action Outcome: The Jaipur master plan 2025 outlined a realistic long-term plan for water supply for the region and policies for sustainable resources and pollution control
The Jaipur master plan 2025 looked not just at geographic growth, but also at economic sustainability. The plan recommended points of determinism that act as catalysts for the realisation of the overall regional plan while leaving enough room for flexible planning to accommodate new and changing economies in the district and spontaneous economic activity at the local planning areas. For these points of deterministic planning to be realised, large capital investments were required which could be beyond the capacity of government.
Action Outcome: The Jaipur master plan 2025 emphasised enhancing the cityâ€™s competitive edge, identification of areas for key capital investments, and potential participation opportunities of the market
Quality of life is not just a good to have, but is the bottom line for economic competitiveness. While cheap greenfield land is viewed as the significant attraction for big business, the reality is that today economic development is attracted by access to skilled human resources, and skilled resources are attracted to cities that provide a great quality of life â€“ thriving culture, a healthy environment and a clear sense of community.
Action Outcome: The Jaipur master plan 2025 promoted investment in institutions that build on local talent and skills that lead to employment, identifying areas for improvement of the quality of the public realm â€“ art, history, culture, boulevards, parks, public buildings, etc. creating a sense of place in neighbourhoods.
Transport and connectivity plans link people to places, jobs and services. The Jaipur master plan 2025 integrated the transport plan for the city and district as a central component of the planning process. Roads, rail, air, bus, RTS, parking, walking, cycling were a part of the transport plan. The transport plan guided the regulations of density and land use.
Action Outcome: The Jaipur master plan 2025 began with an overall mobility plan and linked zoning and land use to this plan
Providing social infrastructure such as affordable housing, education and healthcare that cater to those at the bottom of the pyramid and the new migrants.
Action Outcome: The Jaipur master plan 2025 outlined policies that incentivise allocation of land for affordable housing, linked to job opportunities and that can be rented or owned by the economically weaker section, locating social infrastructure requirements.
Master plans must be animated from paper to ground. For this to happen, they must be owned and enforced by the local elected representatives and the residents, especially at the local area footprint. Plans must also be aided by clear and enforceable policies
Action Outcome: The Jaipur master plan 2025 outlined significant policy amendments and clearly defined activity mapping that empower local elected representatives and residents with local planning and enforcement decisions.